The town hall meeting was very informational for me. The meeting provided me with plenty of new information I did not know about with the opioid epidemic. I also was able to meet and hear what other people are doing to help with the opioid epidemic such as clean ups, and have a place for people to stop in and paint and have some light refreshments. It was so much positivity in the room and being able to hear everyone in the room's ideas of what we could do to help more with this epidemic was just amazing. To know that there are so many things trying to happen for this opioid epidemic was a huge impact because I am able to be apart of that change.
Research Question: What environmental factors influence opioid use in adolescents?
Hypothesis: If adolescents were more involved in after school activities than opioids would not be used.
Clark, Melissa A., Green, Traci C., Hadland, Scott E., Kinnard, Elizabeth N., Marshall, Brandon D.L., Yedinak, Jesse L. (2016). Social context and perspectives of non-medical prescription opioid use among young adults in Rhode Island: A qualitative study. The American Journal of Addiction, 25(8), 659-665. DOI: 10.1111/ajad.12466
This article focused on nonmedical prescription opioid use among adolescents in Rhode Island. The article looks at both current nonmedical opioid use and previously using of nonmedical opioids. Focus groups were organized and data key themes were analyzed. The authors main point of this article was to reduce harms of nonmedical prescription opioid use among adolescents. The article provides useful information of easy access to prescription opioids for nonmedical use. Social environments play a huge part of nonmedical prescription opioid use among adolescents.
Banta-Green, Caleb J., Jimenez, Nathalia, Knipper, Emily, Thomas, Mark (2017). Opioid use disorder and misuse: A review of the epidemiology and medical implications for pediatric anesthesiologists. Pediatric Anesthesia, 27(11), 1070-1076. DOI: 10.1111/pan.13225
This article focuses on opioid use disorder, misuse and overdose among adolescents. It focuses on both chronic opioid exposure as well as opioid overdose. Adolescents opioid use disorder is crucial. The authors main point is to educate people on opioid exposure and overdose, and the clinical implications for anesthesiologists. The article provides important information about opioid intoxication among adolescents having multiple medical implications and depression due to accidental ingestion of prescription opioids.
Abdel-Rasoul, Mahmoud, Bonny, Andrea E., Gay, Joseph R., Kline, David M., Lange, Hannah L.H, Matson, Steven C., McKnight, Erin R. (2017). Statewide opioid prescriptions and the prevalence of adolescent opioid misuse in Ohio. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 43(3), 299-305. DOI: 10.1080/00952990.2016.1216999.
This article presents seeking treatment for opioid misuse in Ohio. It looks at both opioid prescription filled by adolescents and opioid prescription filled by adults. The authors main point with this article was to inform people of the amount of opioids being filled in Ohio by not only adults but adolescents as well. Also the importance of continued research for treatment of opioid use in adolescents. This article provides useful information and gives exact numbers of opioids filled and the rate of opioid treatment.
Borchgrevinic, Peter C., Fredheim, Olav Magnus S., Iog, Thomas, Olsen, Wenche, Sagen, Oystein, Skurtveit, Svetlana (2010). Prescriptions of opioids to children and adolescents: A study from a national prescription database in Norway. Pediatric Anesthesia, 20(6), 537-544. DOI: 10.1111/J.1460-9592.2010.03310.x
This article compares opioid use in children and adolescents. It looks at both acute and chronic pain of opioid use in children and adolescents. The authors main aim was to determine a 1 year periodic prevalence of opioid use in Norwegian children and adolescents younger than 18 years old. The importance of this article was why exactly were children receiving opioids at such a young age. This article provided good background information including results of children and adolescents receiving opioids as young as the age of 8 years old.
Boyd, Carol, McCabe, Sean E., Veliz, Phillip T. (2013). Playing through pain: sports participation and nonmedical use of opioid medications among adolescents. American Jouranl od Public Health, 103(5), 28-30. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301242.
This article focused on nonmedical use of prescription opioids among adolescents involved in competitive sports. This article looks at both nonparticipants and participants of competitive sports. The authors main point was monitoring adolescents of nonmedical prescription opioid use with high injuries while being involved in sports. The focus was detecting adolescents health risk of using nonmedical prescription opioids for injuries. This article provides great information on higher opioid use in adolescents who play sports than those who don’t participate in sports at all.
Blow, Fredric C., Bonar, Erin E., Lin, Lewei A., Walton, Maureen A. (2016). Trajectories of nonmedical use of prescription opioids among adolescents in primary care. Addiction Research and Theory, 24(6), 514-520. DOI: 10.1080/16066359.2016.1178244.
This article presents the rise of nonmedical use of prescription opioids in adolescents. It looks at both risk factors and patterns of use over time of nonmedical prescription opioid use of adolescents. The authors main goal was examining adolescents using nonmedical prescription opioids that had more psychosocial risk factors and those who still misused prescription opioids. The article provides plenty results and background information on nonmedical prescription opioid use with adolescents.
Knopf, Alison. (2017). Teen misuse of Rx opioids was preceded by legitimate Rx use. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly, 29(35), 2-4. DOI: 10:1002/adaw.31696
This article compares medical and nonmedical use of prescription opioids. It focuses on medical and nonmedical opioid use in adolescents. As well as information on teens using opioids without a doctor’s prescription. Males opioid use is higher than females opioid use. Knopf’s main goal was prescription opioid misuse in adolescents.
Leland, Alicia J., Russell, Beth Shoshana, Trudeau, Jeremiah J. (2015). Social Influence on Adolescent Polysubstance Use: The Escalation to Opioid Use. Substance use & Misuse, 50(10), 1325-1331. DOI: 10.3109/10826084.2015.1013128.
This article presents students enrolled in recovery high schools. It looks at both inpatient opioid abuse and outpatient opioid use. Th authors main purpose was addressing patterns of opioid use in high school students. The focus on peer influence meant that environmental factors play a huge role in opioid use in adolescents. This article provides useful information on the topic of social influence of opioid use which is relevant in adolescents.